Diabetes Type 1 and Type 2
It was almost 3 years ago when the United Nations passed a resolution which recognised diabetes as a serious global threat. And with more than 246 million people across the world suffering, it really is an increasing problem. November 14 marked World Diabetes Day, which aims to spread awareness of this disease which is sweeping the globe.
The first step is to understand what Diabetes is.
Diabetes occurs when the blood sugar level is too high. This is caused by the pancreas failing to produce enough insulin or the body not using the insulin properly. High blood sugar causes tiredness, increased thirst and increased urination.
Many diabetics do not have all these symptoms and their diabetes is only diagnosed during routine screening or because they have developed a complication of diabetes. There are many health issues attached to a diabetic prognosis. High blood sugar increases your risk of heart disease, strokes, kidney failure and blindness.
There are also different types of diabetes people suffer from. Type 1 occurs suddenly and is so life threatening that it is diagnosed quickly. Type 2 diabetes usually develops slowly and often goes unnoticed until complications occur.
So far it all looks bleak but there is some good news – 60% of diabetes cases can be prevented. How?
The risk of developing diabetes can be significantly reduced by maintaining a healthy weight, being physically active and eating healthily. Even if diabetes is diagnosed the risk of complications can be significantly reduced by good control such as a healthy lifestyle and regular checks with your GP.
The good news is that there is help out there. Medicare introduced the Type 2 Diabetes Risk Evaluation to help doctors identify patients aged 40-49 who are at risk. However, this assessment tool can be used on all ages to identify your risk of developing diabetes during the next 5 years. The Type 2 Diabetes Risk Evaluation is available through your GP if you are concerned about your risk of diabetes. Or for more information log on to www.diabetesaustralia.com.au
Most of us struggle to find that balance between work, family and lifestyle. With such busy lives people can easily overlook their health. Even so there are a few routines we can put in place to ensure our own health is nurtured.
One of these is regular exercise. The second is eating at least two serves of calcium-rich foods each day.
Milk, cheese, yoghurt, canned fish and vegetables all fit into this category. Calcium is vital for the development and sustained health of bones and teeth. Failing to ‘feed’ these parts of our body correctly can cause brittle bones and endless problems.
Osteoporosis, which affects more than 2 million Australians (mostly women), is an illness which causes the bones to become brittle and fragile. Those with the disease run a great risk of cracking or breaking bones.
The first step of assessment is looking at your risk factors. Considerations include calcium intake, family history, and personal medical history such as arthritis or chronic liver or kidney disease, smoking, excessive alcohol intake, and lack of exercise.
Those with higher risk can get a bone density test which measures the strength of your bones.
We urge Sunshine Coast residents and visitors to consider booking a place and coming in for a check as it’s a great chance to learn more about osteoporosis and your risk associated with the disease.
More information can be obtained from the www.osteoporosis.org.au website.